Anthurium andraeanum

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Anthurium andraeanum-1.jpg
  • Anthurium andraeanum (Hort.) is an ornamental crop cultivated for its cut-flower, which is commercially second only to orchids among tropical flowers. The cut-flower consists of a protruding inflorescence called the spadix that is subtended by a modified leaf called the spathe.
  • The spathe is usually brilliantly colored and heart-shaped and is the more attractive part of the cut-flower.
  • Consumer preference is greatly influenced by spathe color, and novel colors are known to bring in a significantly higher premium Presently, the major spathe colors include red, pink, orange, coral and white; however, green and brown spathes are attainable as well as “obakes” which are spatial bi-colors with green lobes and colored centers, usually of the major spathe colors. The anthocyanin pigments, which are 3-rutinosides of cyanidin, pelargonidin and peonidin, contribute to the major color of anthurium spathes[1] [2] [3][4].

Spathe Tissue

Reference Genes

Gene Symbol Gene Name Application Scope Accession Number Primer Size [bp] Tm [℃] Detection
CYP[1] Cyclophilin
  • Universal reference gene
65 60 SYBR
UBQ5[1] Ubiquitin-like protein 5
  • Universal reference gene
72 60 SYBR

Moleculer Types

  • mRNA

Evaluation Methods


  • Name: Pathmanathan Umaharan
  • Email:
  • Institution: Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus, College Road, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Citation Statistics

Cited by 15 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-06-16])


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gopaulchan D, Lennon A M, Umaharan P. Identification of reference genes for expression studies using quantitative RT-PCR in spathe tissue of Anthurium andraeanum (Hort.)[J]. Scientia Horticulturae, 2013, 153: 1-7.
  2. Gopaulchan D, Umaharan P, Lennon AM (2014) A molecular assessment of the genetic model of spathe color inheritance in Anthurium andraeanum (Hort.). Planta 239:695–705. doi:10. 1007/s00425-013-2007-9
  3. Li C, Yang G, Huang S, Lu¨ D, Wang C, Chen J, Yin J (2013a) Characterisation of flavonoids in anthurium spathes and their contribution to spathe colouration. J Hortic Sci Biotech 88:208–215
  4. Iwata RY, Tang CS, Kamemoto H (1985) Concentration of anthocyanins affecting spathe color in anthuriums. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 110:383–385