Difference between revisions of "Apis mellifera"

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[[Category:ACT]] [[Category:GAPDH]] [[Category:RPS]][[Category:Biotic Stress]]  [[Category:Pathological conditions]]  [[Category:Bacterial Infection]]
[[Category:ACT]] [[Category:GAPDH]] [[Category:RPS]][[Category:Biotic Stress]]  [[Category:Pathological conditions]]  [[Category:Bacterial Infection]]

Revision as of 06:25, 7 August 2017


Apis mellifera.png
  • Apis mellifera is the most important managed pollinator species in the world, its pollination services are estimated at contributing $14 billion annually to the economy. Honeybees are critical for agricultural ecosystems, but are exposed to many biotic stressors including bacteria, viruses and fungi. Honey bee is also a highly social insect and represents a key model for social behavior studies. It is also the first hymenopteran insect to have its genome fully sequenced[1][2].
  • Common Name: Honeybee
  • NCBI Taxonomy

Bacterial Challenge

Reference Genes

Gene Symbol Gene Name Application Scope Accession Number Primers (5'-3')
Size [bp] Tm [℃] Detection
Act[1] Actin
  • Head
  • Bacterial challenge with Escherichis coli
155 61 SYBR
  • Head
  • Bacterial challenge with Escherichis coli
203 61 SYBR
RPS18 [1] RPS18
  • Head
  • Bacterial challenge with Escherichis coli
149 61 SYBR

Molecular Types

  • mRNA

Evaluation Methods


  • Name: Bieke Scharlaken
  • Email: Bieke.Scharlaken@UGent.be
  • Institution: Laboratory of Zoophysiology, Department of Biochemistry, Physiology and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Ghent University, Belgium

Citation Statistics

Cited by 145 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-06-01])


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Bieke Scharlaken, Dirk C. de Graaf, Karen Goossens, Marleen Brunain, Luc J. Peelman, Frans J. Jacobs. Reference Gene Selection for Insect Expression Studies Using Quantitative Real-Time PCR: The Head of the Honeybee, Apis mellifera, After a Bacterial Challenge[J]. Journal of Insect Science, 2008, 8(33):1-10.
  2. Mao W, Schuler M A, Berenbaum M R. Honey constituents up-regulate detoxification and immunity genes in the western honey bee Apis mellifera[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2013, 110(22):8842-6.